Continuation from Page 2

TOBAGO ANCESTRY: THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT

 

1850

 

1851

 

 

1851-1881

 

1852

 

1854

Only 135 men are on the register of voters so power is still in the hands of a minority.

 

Population: 14,378. 292 liberated Africans are sent from St. Helena by the British Government to settle in

Tobago.

 

Emigration, mainly of men, to Trinidad, where it is believed there will be better wages.

 

The Land Tax is introduced.

 

British troops are withdrawn from Fort King George.

1854

 

1856: 27 Dec

 

 

1858

Tobago passes the Encumbered Estates Act, but this is disallowed by the Queen.

 

An Act is passed by the Tobago Legislature, which provides for the registration of baptisms, marriages

and burials.

 

A modified Encumbered Estates Act is approved by the British Government. Commissioners are

appointed in London for the sale of lands by creditor or owner. From the proceeds of the sale, an

equitable distribution is made to all creditors. An entirely new grant, hereafter unassailable, is issued

for the property. Estates pass to those with capital to work them or to those who are prepared to sell

in small lots.

1860

The Franchise Act is intended to ‘provide for the better representation of the people.’ The Act divides

Tobago into nine electoral districts, each Parish returning two representatives, and the towns of

Scarborough and Plymouth one each. The qualification for an elector becomes the ownership of real

property of the value of $48.00 or a position as manager or overseer in occupation of a house valued

at an annual rental value of $720. The tenants or occupants of any freehold part of a house having a

distinct communication with a public road or street are qualified to vote, provided that they have been

in possession for twelve months and their names are on the valuation roll. The Act also provides for

the establishment of a registry of voters, and the Provost Marshall is the returning officer. The result is

that the number of voters is increased from 102 to 215. At the ensuing elections 91 vote, and the

representatives for St John and Plymouth are returned by the vote of one voter in each district.

1861

 

1861: May 15

Population: 15,410, an increase of 1,032 over the 1851 census.

 

An Act of the Legislature makes provision for African immigrants who have been rescued by British

cruisers from ships still carrying out the slave trade. On arrival the immigrants are to lodged in

comfortable houses, and given a year's clothing, an iron pot, a spoon, a common clasp knife in the

case of a man, one pound of soap per month, and one pound of tobacco. Each African over fourteen

years of age is to be granted a quarter of an acre of land for the cultivation of ground provisions. The

rate of wages is fixed at 16 cents a day.

1862

 

 

1863

 

 

1864

 

1866

225 more liberated Africans arrive from St. Helena to augment the labour force. The term of service is

three years.

 

New edition of Byres map shows a list of Estates and names of proprietors, etc.

See: Maps, Tobago

 

Ditto, as above.

 

The Chinese Government insists on a return passage being paid and this puts an end to Chinese

immigration.

1866

 

1870

 

1871

 

1872

The British Colonial Office unites Grenada, St Vincent, St Lucia and Tobago under one Governor.

 

Italian Catholic Mission is set up at Mason Hall.

 

The franchise is extended to $5.00 to holders of property.

 

The Concurrent Endowment Act is passed, by which the Church of England ceases to be the

established church of the colony. Annual grants of money are made to the Anglican Church,

United Brethren (Moravians) and Wesleyans.

1874

 

 

1877

 

1880

 

 

1881

The Single Chamber Act is passed, under which the Legislative Assembly is to consist of six

nominated and eight elected members.

 

Tobago becomes a British Crown Colony and the elective principle is abolished.

 

The British Government ceases to provide the salary for the Lieutenant Governor and the

offices of Administrator and Colonial Secretary are combined.

 

Population: 18,051:. . . .Africans (15,072); . Afro-European (2,862); . Europeans (109); . Asian (8).

Note: The system of indentured immigrants from India does not develop in Tobago.

 

Pages . . . . . 1 .. . . . . 2 . . . . . 3. . . . . 4

 

See:

Anglican Parishes in 19th Century Tobago

 

Anglican Register, Tobago

 

Catholic Church in 19th Century Tobago

 

Catholic Parishes in 19th Century Tobago

 

Church Registers Tobago English Protestant Church Register 1781-1817

 

Government Gazette, Tobago

 

Land Tenure Maps, Tobago

 

Maps, Tobago

 

Moravian Church, Tobago

 

Registrar General’s Department, Scarborough, Tobago

 

Scotch Presbyterian Church in Tobago

 

Slave & Land Record: Hampden Plantation, Tobago

 

Slave Registers, Tobago

 

Tobago Archives

 

Tobago Family History

 

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